Here's How Pakistan Plans to Increase Electricity Generation Capacity By Three Times

pakistan electricity generation capacity

From the severe kinds of issues which Pakistan is facing currently; the one of the pertinent issues is of “Electricity crisis”. Due to low generation of electric power it is causing forced power outages over the last decade ranging from 8 to 12 hours a day in urban areas and up to 18 hours in rural areas. This scarcity led towards declaring dual holiday on Saturday and Sunday at all the government offices and institutes. No wonder this tiny change of 5 working days from 6 is making big effects on progress and performance at larger level. 
Unfortunately, financial constraints and limited resources along with poor management of concerned department have never tracked us towards solutions. Many Governments passed their tenure with making and breaking the promises of resolving electricity crisis but none has succeeded yet!

However, amidst these all crisis the Solar System/ Solar Plates have come up as a fine solution. Facilitating multitude industries solar plates have paved fast to the roof of numerous un-electric houses and lightened many lives. Regardless of rapid development and wide usage of solar system it has not yet fully competed electricity and still we are in dire need of electric power. 

Luckily, like other initiatives by the government to tackle different issues this issue is also promoted in the list to get solved. Moreover, this time issue will be resolved to increase electricity generation capacity by three times. 

Yes, you read it right increase electricity generation capacity by three times!

In consultation with the government and private stakeholders, National Transmission and Despatch Company has finalized the Indicative Generation Capacity Expansion Plan (IGCEP) 2018-40 which aims at increasing the power generation capacity by 300% in the next 20 years while following Grid Code obligations.

The goal has been set to 111,000 megawatts compared to the existing 29,000 MW.

Furthermore, this initiative will also ensure the affordability whilst meeting rising energy demands. The plan is to add 17,300 MW capacity by 2025 and another 8,600 MW in the next five years.
According to the IGCEP’s targets, 98,100 MW capacity addition will be made until 2040. The breakdown is as follows:

29,000 MW from hydropower plants
20,000 MW (local) and 5,000 MW (imported) from coal-based plants
4,300 MW from nuclear plants
16,000 MW from renewables

From 2021-22 and onward, solar and wind power will be developed in blocks of 400 MW and 500 MW respectively.

The plan aims to gradually phase out the thermal power plants in the next 20 years. According to an estimate, 9,000 MW oil-based plants will be phased out.

The targets have been set keeping in view the local resources including renewables and Thar coal in the South and hydro potential in the North.

According to the projected figures for 2040, 98,091 MW capacity would meet the 80,425 MW peak load demand, ensuring a significant surplus of 17,600 MW.

Though 20 years sounds a big figure of time to execute this project, but late is better than never to get undisturbed and sufficient electricity

Nimirta Wadhwani

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